IRS Child Care Tax Information
Source: Official IRS website as of November 2018. Information is subject to change without notice. Please check the IRS website or your tax professional to be sure you have the most current information.
IRS Tax Tip Topic Number 602 – Child and Dependent Care Credit
You may be able to claim the child and dependent care credit if you paid expenses for the care of a qualifying individual to enable you (and your spouse, if filing a joint return) to work or actively look for work. You may not take this credit if your filing status is married filing separately. The amount of the credit is a percentage of the amount of work-related expenses you paid to a care provider for the care of a qualifying individual. The percentage depends on your adjusted gross income.
The total expenses that you may use to calculate the credit may not be more than $3,000 (for one qualifying individual) or $6,000 (for two or more qualifying individuals). Expenses paid for the care of a qualifying individual are eligible expenses if the primary reason for paying the expense is to assure the individual’s well-being and protection. If you received dependent care benefits that you exclude or deduct from your income, you must subtract the amount of those benefits from the dollar limit that applies to you.
A qualifying individual for the child and dependent care credit is:
- Your dependent qualifying child who is under age 13 when the care is provided,
- Your spouse who is physically or mentally incapable of self-care and lived with you for more than half of the year, or
- An individual who is physically or mentally incapable of self-care, lived with you for more than half of the year, and either: (i) is your dependent; or (ii) could have been your dependent except that he or she has gross income that equals or exceeds the exemption amount, or files a joint return, or you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) could have been claimed as a dependent on another taxpayer’s 2017 return.